List of U.S. state capitals

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This is a list of United States state capital cities. Each city is the center of government for a state in the United States, in the capitol building. The capital city with the fewest people is Montpelier, Vermont,[1] while the capital city with the most people is Phoenix, Arizona.

States (purple) whose capital is also that state's largest city by population (2016 estimate).

The dates listed in the following table indicate the years it has continuously served as the state's sole capital. Most states have changed their capital city at least once. In the case of the thirteen bottom states, "statehood" in the table refers to its date of ratification of the United States Constitution.

State capitals of the United States
StateAbr.State-hoodCapitalCapital sinceArea (mi²)Population (2018)Notes
CityMetropolitanRank in stateRank in US
AlabamaAL1819Montgomery1846159.8198,218373,9032119
AlaskaAK1959Juneau19062716.731,2752Largest capital by municipal land area.
ArizonaAZ1912Phoenix1889517.61,660,2724,857,96215Largest capital by population.
ArkansasAR1836Little Rock1821116.2193,524699,7571117
CaliforniaCA1850Sacramento185497.9508,5292,345,210635
ColoradoCO1876Denver1867153.3716,4922,932,415119
ConnecticutCT1788Hartford187517.3124,7751,212,3813199
DelawareDE1787Dover177722.436,047162,3102Longest-serving capital in terms of statehood.
FloridaFL1845Tallahassee182495.7181,376367,4137125
GeorgiaGA1788Atlanta1868133.5498,0445,949,951137Largest capital by metropolitan area population.
HawaiiHI1959Honolulu184568.4359,870953,207156
IdahoID1890Boise186563.8205,671616,5611103
IllinoisIL1818Springfield183754.0116,250210,1706221
IndianaIN1816Indianapolis1825361.5867,1252,004,230116
IowaIA1846Des Moines185775.8203,433569,6331105
KansasKS1861Topeka185656.0127,473230,8704193
KentuckyKY1792Frankfort179214.725,52770,75814
LouisianaLA1812Baton Rouge188076.8225,374830,480299
MaineME1820Augusta183255.419,136117,1148
MarylandMD1788Annapolis16946.7338,3947Smallest capital by land area.
MassachusettsMA1788Boston163089.6694,5834,628,910121Longest continuously serving capital.
MichiganMI1837Lansing184735.0114,297464,0365226
MinnesotaMN1858Saint Paul184952.8285,0683,348,659267
MississippiMS1817Jackson1821104.9173,514567,1221134
MissouriMO1821Jefferson City182627.343,079149,80715
MontanaMT1889Helena187514.028,19074,8016
NebraskaNE1867Lincoln186774.6258,379302,157272
NevadaNV1864Carson City1861143.455,2746
New HampshireNH1788Concord180864.342,695146,4453
New JerseyNJ1787Trenton17847.6684,913366,51310
New MexicoNM1912Santa Fe161037.375,764183,7324Longest-serving capital.
New YorkNY1788Albany179721.497,856857,5926
North CarolinaNC1789Raleigh1792114.6403,8921,130,490243
North DakotaND1889Bismarck188326.961,272108,7792
OhioOH1803Columbus1816210.3892,5532,078,725114
OklahomaOK1907Oklahoma City1910620.3649,0211,396,445127Shortest-serving current state capital.
OregonOR1859Salem185545.7154,637390,7383149
PennsylvaniaPA1787Harrisburg18128.1149,528647,3909
Rhode IslandRI1790Providence190018.5178,0421,600,8521130
South CarolinaSC1788Columbia1786125.2129,272767,5982191
South DakotaSD1889Pierre188913.013,6468
TennesseeTN1796Nashville1826525.9691,2431,903,045124
TexasTX1845Austin1839305.1964,2542,168,316411Largest capital by population to not be the most populated city in its state.
UtahUT1896Salt Lake City1858109.1186,4401,087,8731124
VermontVT1791Montpelier180510.27,8556Smallest capital by population.
VirginiaVA1788Richmond178060.1204,2141,208,1014104
WashingtonWA1889Olympia185316.746,478234,67024
West VirginiaWV1863Charleston188531.651,400304,2141Smallest capital by population to also be the most populated city in its state.
WisconsinWI1848Madison183868.7233,209605,435282
WyomingWY1890Cheyenne186921.159,46691,7381

References